Why are ball pythons great pets

The ball python is a decent snake for a new snake owner. Growing to be about 5 feet long when mature, ball pythons are not as vast as most constricting snakes that people keep as pets but they are very accommodating and quite easy to handle.

  • Names: Ball (Python regius)
  • Size: Up to 5 feet
  • Lifespan: Typically 20 to 30 years, but some love to be more than that

Temperament and Behavior of Ball Pythons

Ball pythons earned their names from the way they fold themselves into a tight ball when threatened, tucking their head inside their curls. Young ball pythons grow up to one foot every year until they’re three years. They can live for quite a while with the right kind of care.

Housing Ball Pythons

Ball pythons are not terribly dynamic snakes so a small enclosure should suffice (Using a 30-gallon tank for a mature one and a 10- to 20-gallon tank for younger snakes). They can escape if given the chance so ensure a tight lid is provided.

There are several alternatives for substrate for your snake including Astroturf, newsprint and shredded barb. Provide a dark hiding spot and some sturdy branches within the cage for your snake.

An under the tank heating tank intended for reptiles functions admirably but monitoring the temperature is difficult.

Never utilize hot rocks with pet reptiles and ensure the bulb or heat component is screened off so it does not come in contact with the snake and cause burns.

Provide a dish sufficient enough for the snake to take a dip in and soak. The snake soaks a lot during shedding season. Another option is to provide a humidity retreat, which likewise utilizes a secured compartment with an entrance gap fixed with damp sphagnum or paper towels to provide the required moisture.

Water and Food

Ball pythons can fed medium sized rats or small mice, depending on the size of the snake and this should be every week or two. Young snakes ought to be fed fuzzy mice every 5 to 7 days while full-grown snakes can be fed a larger prey as they can go up to two weeks before their next meal. Use pre-killed prey since live mice can harm a snake. Dangling the prey before the snake with forceps usually makes the snake interested in the meal.

Common Health Problems

As with other snakes, the ball python suffers from inclusion body disease. Indeed, even captive bred ball pythons can sometimes refuse to eat for a couple of months.  For whatever length of time this happens and it does not affect the snake’s body weight and condition, this is not problematic.

In the event that your snake refuses to eat for a while, cautiously analyze the environment, health, handling and husbandry farming to be absolutely sure the snake is not stressed out.

To keep your pet healthier one using one of the best reptile thermostats. When you plug in a heat mat or lamp, a thermostat gives you precise control over the environment.

Choosing a Ball Python

When you finally decide to get your own ball python, search for a captivity bred and young python (you may need to discover a breeder for this). Go for a snake that has a vent, clean eyes and a well-rounded body and does not display any of the symptoms of respiratory problems (wheezing, bubbles around nostrils).

What are the disadvantages of best bedding options for snake?

Snake require a proper place to live comfortable and one of the best-considered elements on their enclosure living space is the bedding. You can easy find the good option of snake bedding in any pet store. They should be good at holding humidity, controlling odor well, don’t pose a risk for impaction, etc.

However, even the best bedding for snakes has the drawbacks. Aside from looking at the good sides of bedding, you also should consider the disadvantages of them to ensure that it suit your snake.

#1 Aspen shaving

Aspen shaving is one of the highly favoured material for snake bedding as it good for burrowing, is good at controlling odor. However, the drawback of this bedding is that it not good in humid environment as too much moisture inside your  cage can make the shavings go moldy. This is why I would recommend you to use it for snakes that don’t need very humid environments. Such as ball python.

Another drawback can occur with the large snake. The fine particles of shaving can also get underneath the scales of larger snakes and cause irritation, so I only use it for smaller snakes.

Some users complain about its dusty feature that will mess up your cage. You can circumvent it by misting the shavings.

#2 Cypress Mulch

Your snake will love to live in a cypress mulch bedding as it creates a comfortable soft surface and allow them to burrow freely. It also has the good ability of hold moisture well and maintain humidity levels inside the cage.

But it has drawbacks as well one major issue associated with this type of bedding is that mites thrive in cypress mulch, so it can be hard for you to eliminate mites from your cage. However, you can avoid it by baking the cypress mulch for half an hour before placing it in your snake’s enclosure. Freezing it for a few days before using also works

#3 Coconut Fiber

Coconut fiber is a soft and comfortable bedding for snakes, good at keeping odors in check and also hold humidity well. But because it is so small and soft, it is more suitable for small snakes. For larger snake, it is better to use coconut chips than coconut fiber.

This bedding also not a great option that allow snake to burrow inside. One more disadvantage is that although it easy to clean, but coconut fiber can get dusty. If it makes you sneeze or trigger allergies, you can use the coconut chip instead that will a bit easier on the nose.

What is the best 30 gallons aquarium for the money?

If you are just started your fish owner hobby and weighing your filter options? It can be a tough decision especially if you have a limited budget. I have been keeping fish for many years and I have tried almost every filter there is for my 30 gallon fish tank.

There are many different brands of these filters, but which are the best, and which give you the most value for your money? Here are the pros and cons of each types of filter base on my experience that could help you get the best filter for 30 gallon aquarium within the affordable price.

#1 Average price of filter for 30 gallon aquarium

Your budget will help to determine which type of filter you purchase. If you are a newbie you should not caught up in buying the flashiest, fanciest model. consider your tank’s needs first, and then buy the best suitable filter you can afford.

The price of filter for a 30 gallon tank range from low priced (£5 – £50) to high priced (£150+). There are always the lower priced filters actually do a really decent job in filtering out water.

#2 Best filter types for the money

Power filters are probably the most common option of filter as they come with the cheap price and it allow you to choose the media you use. However, the drawbacks of power filters are that they can be loud and take you a lot of effort to maintain.

Canister filters are the effective option as they provide superior filtration to any other type of filter. But you have to consider since they are large size and take up much of internal space in your tank. One more minus point of canister filters is that they are more expensive than other types.

Sponge filters are cheap and easy to use and also easy to replace and maintain, providing mechanical and biological filtration. However, they can look bulky in the tank and you need to use them with an air pump.

#3 Best filter for the money

If price is the first factor you consider when buying a filter for your 30 gallons tank, then I would like recommend you to use Marina Slim S20. It is perfect filter in the case if you’re not in a position to spend a lot of money on a tank filter and want something that good enough to get start.

And if you are looking for the filter that most value for your money, you can go with Penn Plax Aquarium Cascade Canister Filter. With this, you do not have to spend hundreds of dollars getting the best filter.

How to proper use fly mask for horse?

Fly and biting insects season can make your horse’s life miserable. Not only make your horses annoy, they can also be dangerous to horse’s healthy. This is why you will need the best fly mask for horse to protect your horses from these nuisances.

Because the skin around horse’s face is often more sensitive than usual, using the fly spray for horses can irritate their face, eyes and ears. Fly mask for horse is one of the easiest and most effective methods for providing protection to sensitive this sensitive part. You can learn more about how to properly use fly masks, what is should and should not do with fly masks.

#1 Can horses wear fly mask at night?

Do not do that. Unless there is a medical reason if your horse has an open wound on the face, you should remove the fly mask for horses at night. Not only at night, the fly mask should not be worn for extended periods during the day as well.

Your horses do not really need it at night, and for the optimal health of the horses, the fly mask is taken off a few times a day.

#2 Clean the mask frequently

Since dust, mud, and other debris form the mask can fall into your horse’s eyes and an overall grimy mask can lead to skin infections, so it is better to clean the mask daily. If you are too busy to do it every day, you should create a schedule of when you have clean your horse fly masks to avoid forget it sometimes.

The mixture of water, mid liquid soap and some kind of antibacterial agent can be very useful to wash fly mask. The fleece edging of the mash is very easy to get soil, so you should carefully slosh it. You should have at least 2 fly masks, so you can put on one while the other is being washed.

#3 Check the mask for damage

At the end of the day, you should double check the mask if there is any damage exists. The flies can go through the mask from ripped or worn areas. It’s also can has rip or wear to show up in seams that connect ear coverings.

The mask from reliable brands usually has the long lifespan. However, after a season of using, you should check it every day. The damage of the mask will become very dangerous for the horses especially if the damaged part is near their eyes as if can rub on their skin and eyes.

Best snake bedding: ReptiChip Premium Coconut Substrate vs Zilla Reptile Bedding

Great for first-time snake owner, to save your time of looking for best snake bedding this post we go to the details of two quality bedding products for snake: ReptiChip Premium Coconut Reptile Substrate vs Zilla Reptile Terrarium Bedding Substrate.

 #1 Material

It is important to know exactly what is the bedding made of.  Texture, properties, everything is important. It is better to make from a natural material since it not only safe for your pets but also imitates the natural environment as much as possible.

ReptiChip premium quality 100% organic coconut chips. This bedding can be safe for verities specie of reptiles whether you keep a corn snake, a milk snake, a king snake, a gecko, or a turtle.

Moreover, ReptiChip also is produced with the proper size of the fibers. They’re large enough to prevent your pet from accidentally swallowing them, so there’s no need to worry about impaction.

However, some users realized that this product contains dusty. Too much dust can cause respiratory problems for your snakes, and would probably pose some problems to people who are suffering from allergies or breathing problems.

Zilla Reptile bedding is made of 100% natural biodegradable material, which is environmentally friendly ingredients, the product is safe to use. It contains no toxic resins or oils. It also works well with the reptile heat mat.

The substrate contains Made from premium white fir shavings and ground eucalyptus adds a bonus, which will make your snakes feel closer to their natural environment.

#2 Absorbency and remain humidity

Snakes are the animals that require a high humidity level. They usually prefer to live in the environment with about 60% humidity, during the shedding process, the humidity level also should increase to 80%.

ReptiChip retains humidity quite well and can help maintain the humidity level that your snake species need in order to thrive. This bedding is even considered that can hold humidity better than aspen. But it would be better to mist the cage with the humidifier.

Heat-treated aspen chips of Zilla bedding are ultra-absorbent. Due to this, this bedding will help you keep the moisture at a comfortable level. However, There have been some complaints that this product does not hold humidity well as the snake needs during the summer.

#3 Easy to maintain and odors control

ReptiChip is the product that surely worth your money since the amount you get will last for a really long time. It also has the natural scent, that will cover the unpleasant odors in the cage. You do not have to worry about the odors problem.

Zilla reptile bedding has the ability to keep the fresh scent within the cage. Besides, the ideal chip size and the light color make it spots cleaning easy.

Mini - Mississippi Pot Roast

Best aquarium filter: Fluval External Filter vs Sunsun 5-Stage External Filter

You may be getting started on an aquarium and wonder what is the best aquarium filter you need. This post can help you get the right filter by coming up here two effective models: Fluval External Filter vs Sunsun HW-304B 525 GPH 5-Stage External Canister Filter.

If you are serious about cleaning your tank, the high-quality filtration is top of mind for maintaining proper water conditions for fish.

To save your time, Fluval is a reliable brand that has been known as produces a lot of aquarium equipment. The Fluval external filter also comes with 3 years warranty. Therefore, it is an effective and quality fish tank filter that you should go with.

#1 The Capacity Of The Tank

The capacity of the tank is the most important criterion that will determine the filter size. Lager tank will exert too much pressure on the smaller sized filter. In addition, the larger filter size will operate for more than you need in the smaller tank, and also take lots of energy cost.

Sunsun filter has a flow rate of 525 GPH, which means it can be used for up to 150 gallons of the fish tank. This filter can handle 3 times the 150-gallon tank per hour.

Fluval external filter is ideal for aquariums sized from 70 to 100 gallons. It offers a flow rate of 1450 LPH or 383 GPH.

#2 Filtration effective

Fluval filter features a clog proof intake strainer as well as two layers of foam screen. To avoid water trickling into the receptacle or plug, the user needs to arrange a “drip loop” in the cord joining the filter to a repository. The twin foam pre-filters act to catch more debris and prevent clogged media. Independent modules allow easily replace the media removal.

SunSun is a 5-stage external canister filter. It offers a built-in 9 Watt UV sterilizer that controls and prevents the growth of algae and harmful bacteria, promotes the clearness of the water. It also comes with 4 flexible media trays that allow you to add more filter media.

#3 Features

Sunsun filter comes with a self-priming pump, so you don’t have a siphon manually. It is also good to use for a planted fish tank. The filter is strongly built and easy to assemble. It comes with pre-lubricated seals, and top buttons to switch on/off the UV light.

Fluval external filter can be used for both saltwater and freshwater aquarium. It features the sound dampening impeller, which makes its operation quietly.

The Fluval 406 Canister Filter has a unique square-shaped canister design that allows it holds 35 to 50 percent more water than round canister filters of the same size.

Which allowing better water flow via a complex cleansing path that optimization contact with the filtration media. It also comes with a patented Aqua stop valve and multiple filtration baskets.

Best Reptile Fogger: Oiibo Reptile Humidifier VS. Evergreen Fogger

Different species of reptiles have different care requirements. They have specific requirements for the cage, food, temperature, and even humidity level. Adjusting humidity is not an easy task. Instead of mist the cage manually, you should rely on the best reptile fogger.

Reptile fogger is a device that will help you easily increase humidity in the reptile’s cage by use fog. The following products are among the best foggers available.

We will compare these two foggers to help you find out the right device for your terrarium: Oiibo Reptile Humidifier VS. Evergreen Pet Supplies Reptile Humidifier/Fogger.

#1 Capacity

Most all the reptile humidifier will come with a tank to contain water. You will need to fill the tank with water and the foggers will create fog. The larger the capacity of the fogger, the longer it can operate without refilling.

Evergreen has a tank capacity of 2 liters, the tank also comes with a no-spill valve. With this amount of water Evergreen can contain, the water will last for between 7 hours to 4 or 5 days depend on the setting before needs to be refilled

Oiibo fogger has a water volume of 2,2 liters. With this capacity, the water is enough to last for some days, and you will not need to fill the tank every day.

#2 The extension hose

The hose is the part that uses for infusing clean moisturized vapor from the tank into the mister that sprays the tank. It is better to get the longer hose since you will have more space to adjust.

Oiibo has a stretchable hose; you can adjust the length from 1,3 to 5,3 feet. The hose comes with the adjustable suckers, which allow you to fix the hose to the tank.  A double port is included so you can use Oibbo fogger fro two terrariums at the same time.

Evergreen also features an adjustable hose that extends from 1,5 to 5 feet. The hose can be fixed to the tank in the desired position by the suction cups included.

#3 Automatic turn off

If the fogger does not come with the automatic shut off feature when the tank runs dry, it can lead to the risk of burn out.

Both Evergreen and Oibbo foggers can shut down automatically when the tank is empty. This feature will ensure that fogger will not be burned and overheat your reptiles too.

How to make the best betta fish tanks?

Betta is a colorful, and pretty fish, they have long, flowing tails but they also know as their aggressive in characteristics. Therefore, they are not usually put in the same tank with the other fish. Instead, some people prefer to keep betta fish in small tanks.

This article is about some factor which might affect your decision when choosing and setting up your best betta fish tanks.

#1 Tank size

There is a common misconception that betta fish should be kept in a small tank. Providing a tank size at least 5 gallons that means give them more swimming space.

Besides, the larger the tank is, the less maintenance it takes. The small tank requires more frequently changing water and tank cycling because the toxins like ammoniac will build up much faster than a larger tank.

But what is the best tank size? Instead of fish necessities, you need to consider your need. Do you prefer to put this fish tank in the office desk? Or do you want you to use your tank as a decoration in your living room? You also need to consider how much blank space you have in your house.

#2 Habitat factors should have in the tank

The main factor that keep your betta fish always happy and health are Clean water by regularly changing water, feed your betta a varied diet and do not let the water be cool for a long time. Using the best aquarium gravel vacuum is the best idea to change the water.

If you live in a place that is always warm, your betta can live well without a heater. But if you live in a place that has a winter, you should provide them a heater. Because the betta fish are tropical fish. They request a temperature range from 78 F degrees to 80 F degrees.

Best Betta Fish Tank: Fluval Flex 9 gallon VS. Marineland Portrait 5 gallon

Finding the best betta fish tank can be a difficult task to do. You have to invest lots of effort, doing research about what is betta fish requirement. 

If you are a beginner and do not have any experience before, it is better to get started with the fish tank kit.

Fluval Flex 9 gallon VS. Marineland Portrait 5 gallon are two of those kits that easy, convenient, and come with almost all you need to keeping betta fish.

#1 Design

The similar feature of Fluval Flax and Marineland is that they are rounded front and the curved corners which giving them a unique and elegant look. This also allows you to look at the fish from different angles and make the cleaning on the glass walls is easier.

Marineland portrait 5 gallon is vertical; therefore it is quite difficult for you when cleaning since you will have to submerge your aim into the water when cleaning or changing water inside the tank. 

However, the portrait shape also allows you to place your aquarium in the placement that the normal standard aquarium wouldn’t fit.

A Fluval Flex 9 gallon is a square shape that means you can put it at the place that the rectangle tanks couldn’t place.

#2 Size

5 gallons tank size is compact, this size allows you to place your aquarium in the small space such as a desk. Besides, 5 gallon is the minimum tank size that you should provide for your betta fish, that means you should not keep them in the under 5 gallons sized tank. 

However, once you add substrate, decoration, and plant and into the tank, they are also taking the living space of your fish.

In this case, Fluval Flex 9 gallons tank seems to be the better option for your betta fish. 9 gallons will provide enough space for the fish to swim around and also keeping the water conditions stay stable. It won’t require as much effort of maintenance as a smaller gallon tank.

#3 The lights

The advantage of lighting systems in Marineland Portrait 5 gallons is that it reproduces the light that betta has in their natural environment. These LED lights have a white and blue color. 

The white mimic natural sunlight on the water and the blue light mimics the beams of the moon on water at night. However, the drawback is that the amount of light that it emits is not enough to grow plants.

 The light of Fluval Flex 9 gallons gives you lots of benefits. It allows you to adjust the light brighter or dimmer easily, which you cannot do with the light of Marineland Portrait. 

It is also can change the colors from a variety of different colors. The only drawback is that sometimes it seems to be too bright for your fish.  

Instruction Steps For Install The Best Aquarium Heater

Once you have the best aquarium heater, your work will not stop there. You will wonder where to put the heater and how to install it. It should be placed in the middle or on the side?

The modern heater equipment is designed for users easy to install. There are also some different steps depend on the types of heater that you are using. However, almost the best aquarium heaters generally are installed by some basic steps below:

Aquarium heater setup guide

Step 1:

Check the heater before installing it. Ensure that the cover of the heater is intact, the wire is not faulty, and no sign of break down or breakage on your heater. This is for your safety as used over time.

Step 2:

Clean the glass surface of where you are planning to install the heater. You are recommended to place the heater near the water flow. It could be the outlet or inlet from the filter, or in the stream of the powerhead.

Step 3:

The heater will come with the suction cups that include in its package. Using the suctions cups to attach the heater to the glass tank. In this step, you have to remove all the plants of decorations that can directly touch the heater.

Step 4:

Allow the heater to get used to the water temperature inside the tank, so the sudden changes in the temperature do not affect the heater much and break down the heater cover.

Leave the heater in the aquarium for 15-30 minutes before turning it on.

Step 5:

Using the thermometer to read the water temperature inside the tank before you using the heater. Or if your heater includes a thermometer, you can read the temperature in the heater.

Step 6:

Turn your heater on and regulate the temperature depending on your fish requirement.

Step 7:

Allow the heater to run for at least 24 hours before adding your fish to the tank. Monitor and regulate the heater every 4-6 hours until the temperature inside the tank reaches to proper temperature levels.

Step 8:

Take your to fish back to their tank when the temperature is optimal for them. If you add your fish to the tank during the adjustment and setup heater process, the fluctuation of temperature in this process may cause a negative effects and stress on your fish.

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